The dreaded message
ifcfg-rh: error: Missing or invalid IP4 gateway address '0'
perplexed me last time when I let NetworkManager bring up
ethernet interfaces. Everything worked fine before, but with NM one of the
network cards wasn't been configured. I've read
other interfaces configuration but still cannot find this gateway address of ‘0’.
Then I've found it: I had per device routes configured in
I had it slightly wrong, with ADDRESS0= and NETMASK=0 provided but
GATEWAY0 missing. So, if you encounter such message, check
if you per device-route config file contain GATEWAYx= or GATEWAYDEVx=0.
After correcting this issue NM was able to bring up interfaces just like
Also, I've converted few services to native units. For now: maradns, aiccu,
spamassassin. Seldom used mounts like
/boot benefit from dead-easy
automount setup. I was able to trim my system's boot time by minute and half. Now
it only takes 3½ minutes to start. One full minute is spent in
BIOS and harddrives enumeration, there's not way to make it faster. But rest
of boot still can be optimized. I'm going to analyze bootchart made during next
boot (maybe in few weeks time). Before systemd, my server needed almost
5 and a half minute to boot to GDM screen.